Influence of gold nanoparticles of varying size in improving the lipase activity within cationic reverse micelles

Maiti, Subhabrata ; Das, Dibyendu ; Shome, Anshupriya ; Das, Prasanta Kumar (2010) Influence of gold nanoparticles of varying size in improving the lipase activity within cationic reverse micelles Chemistry - A European Journal, 16 (6). pp. 1941-1950. ISSN 0947-6539

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Herein, we report the effect of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in enhancing lipase activity in reverse micelles of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB)/water/isooctane/n-hexanol. The size and concentration of the nanoparticles were varied and their specific roles were assessed in detail. An overall enhancement of activity was observed in the GNP-doped CTAB reverse micelles. The improvement in activity becomes more prominent with increasing concentration and size of the GNPs (0–52 μM and ca. 3–30 nm, respectively). The observed highest lipase activity (k2=1070±12 cm3 g-1 s-1) in GNP-doped CTAB reverse micelles ([GNP]: 52 μm, ca. 20 nm) is 2.5-fold higher than in CTAB reverse micelles without GNPs. Improvement in the lipase activity is only specific to the GNP-doped reverse micellar media, whereas GNP deactivates and structurally deforms the enzyme in aqueous media. The reason for this activation is probably due to the formation of larger-sized reverse micelles in which the GNP acts as a polar core and the surfactants aggregate around the nanoparticle (‘GNP pool’) instead of only water. Lipase at the augmented interface of the GNP-doped reverse micelle showed improved activity because of enhancement in both the substrate and enzyme concentrations and increased flexibility in the lipase conformation. The extent of the activation is greater in the case of the larger-sized GNPs. A correlation has been established between the activity of lipase and its secondary structure by using circular dichroism and FTIR spectroscopic analysis. The generalized influence of GNP is verified in the reverse micelles of another surfactant, namely, cetyltripropylammonium bromide (CTPAB). TEM, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and UV/Vis spectroscopic analysis were utilized to characterize the GNPs and the organized aggregates. For the first time, CTAB-based reverse micelles have been found to be an excellent host for lipase simply by doping with appropriately sized GNPs.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Keywords:Enzyme Activity; Gold; Lipase; Nanoparticles; Reverse Micelles; Surfactants
ID Code:108601
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 11:17
Last Modified:01 Feb 2018 11:17

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