Oxidative coupling of methane over a Sr-promoted La2O3 catalyst supported on a low surface area porous catalyst carrier

Choudhary, Vasant R. ; Uphade, Balu S. ; Mulla, Shafeek A. R. (1997) Oxidative coupling of methane over a Sr-promoted La2O3 catalyst supported on a low surface area porous catalyst carrier Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 36 (9). pp. 3594-3601. ISSN 0888-5885

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ie960676w

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie960676w


Oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) to higher hydrocarbons over Sr-promoted La2O3 supported on commercial low surface area porous catalyst carriers (containing mainly alumina and silica) at 800 and 850°C and a space velocity of 102 000 cm3.g-1.h-1 has been thoroughly investigated. Effects of support, catalyst particle size, linear gas velocity (at the same space velocity), Sr/La ratio, CH4/O2 ratio in the feed, and catalyst dilution by inert solid particles on the conversion, yield, or selectivity and product ratios (C2H4/C2H6 and CO/CO2) in the OCM process have been studied. The catalysts have been characterized for their basicity, acidity, and oxygen chemisorption by the TPD of CO2, ammonia, and oxygen, respectively, from 50 to 950°C and also characterized for their surface area. The supported catalysts showed better performance than the unsupported one. The best OCM results (obtained over Sr-La2O3/SA-5205 with a Sr/La ratio of 0.3 at a space velocity of 102 000 cm3.g-1.h-1) are 30.1% CH4 conversion with 65.6% selectivity for C2+ (or 19.7% C2+-yield) at 800°C (CH4/O2 = 4.0) and 12.8% CH4 conversion with 85.1% selectivity for C2+ (or 10.9% C2+-yield) at 850°C (CH4/O2 = 16.0). The basicity is strongly influenced by the Sr/La ratio; the supported catalysts showed the best performance for their Sr/La ratio of about 0.3. The methane/O2 ratio also showed a strong influence on the OCM process. However, the influence of linear gas velocity and particle size is found to be small; it results mainly from the temperature gradient in the catalyst. The catalyst dilution has little or no effect on the conversion and selectivity. However, it has beneficial effects for achieving a higher C2H4/C2H6 ratio and also for reducing the hazardous nature of the OCM process because of the coupling of the exothermic oxidative conversion reactions and the endothermic thermal cracking reactions and also due to the increased heat transfer area.

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