Impact of water mass mixing and dust deposition on Nd concentration and εNd of the Arabian Sea water column

Goswami, Vineet ; Singh, Sunil K. ; Bhushan, Ravi (2014) Impact of water mass mixing and dust deposition on Nd concentration and εNd of the Arabian Sea water column Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 145 . pp. 30-49. ISSN 0016-7037

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The concentration and isotopic composition (εNd) of dissolved Nd have been measured in the sub-oxic/denitrifying water column of the eastern Arabian Sea to explore the impact of water mass mixing and release from particles. Dissolved Nd in the north-eastern Arabian Sea is more radiogenic (εNd: −7 to −10) compared to its south-eastern part (εNd: −11 to −15) suggesting contribution of Nd from the Bay of Bengal (BoB). The vertical profile of Nd typically show higher values in surface waters (15.8–27.8 pmol/kg), followed by minima (12–18 pmol/kg) in the subsurface waters (200–300 m) and a gradual increase with depth thereafter. The Nd concentration does not seem to show any changes in the sub-oxic layers suggesting no impact of the sub-oxic/denitrifying conditions in this oceanic region on the biogeochemistry of Nd. The enrichment of Nd in surface waters can be explained either by supply from high Nd low salinity waters from the BoB to the Arabian Sea via the East India Coastal Current (EICC) or, alternatively the Nd surface excess can be result of release from aeolian dust depositing over the sea surface. Inverse modeling computations suggest that in addition to Nd contributed from water mass mixing, some additional excess Nd (Ndxs) is required to balance the Nd inventory in the water column. There is significant Ndxs in the surface waters of the north-eastern Arabian Sea with εNd ∼ −6, similar to that of dust depositing over the Arabian Sea. The fractional solubility of Nd released from the aeolian dust was estimated to be varying from ∼3% to 17% (for excess Nd inventory per unit area (Ndxs*) of 20 μg m−2 with τNd ranging from 1 to 3 years). This study highlights the significance of aeolian dust deposition in controlling the abundance and distribution of Nd in the Arabian Sea, the western arm of the northern Indian Ocean, lying in the proximity to the arid landmass and characterized by high lithogenic aeolian dust deposition.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
ID Code:106320
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 12:06
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