Influence of size and shape on the photocatalytic properties of SnO2 nanocrystals

Kar, Arik ; Sain, Sumanta ; Kundu, Simanta ; Bhattacharyya, Arka ; Kumar Pradhan, Swapan ; Patra, Amitava (2015) Influence of size and shape on the photocatalytic properties of SnO2 nanocrystals ChemPhysChem, 16 (5). pp. 1017-1025. ISSN 1439-4235

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Tuning the functional properties of nanocrystals is an important issue in nanoscience. Here, we are able to tune the photocatalytic properties of SnO2 nanocrystals by controlling their size and shape. A structural analysis was carried out by using X-ray diffraction (XRD)/Rietveld and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results reveal that the number of oxygen-related defects varies upon changing the size and shape of the nanocrystals, which eventually influences their photocatalytic properties. Time-resolved spectroscopic studies of the carrier relaxation dynamics of the SnO2 nanocrystals further confirm that the electron–hole recombination process is controlled by oxygen/defect states, which can be tuned by changing the shape and size of the materials. The degradation of dyes (90 %) in the presence of SnO2 nanoparticles under UV light is comparable to that (88 %) in the presence of standard TiO2 Degussa P-25 (P25) powders. The photocatalytic activity of the nanoparticles is significantly higher than those of nanorods and nanospheres because the effective charge separation in the SnO2 nanoparticles is controlled by defect states leading to enhanced photocatalytic properties. The size- and shape-dependent photocatalytic properties of SnO2 nanocrystals make these materials interesting candidates for photocatalytic applications.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ID Code:104668
Deposited On:01 Dec 2017 11:09
Last Modified:01 Dec 2017 11:09

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