Assisted ventilation for Hyaline membrane disease

Singh, Meharban ; Deorari, Ashok K. ; Aggarwal, Rajiv ; Paul, Vinod K. (1995) Assisted ventilation for Hyaline membrane disease Indian Pediatrics, 32 (12). pp. 1267-1274. ISSN 0019-6061

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Objectives: To study the outcome and complications of assisted ventilation in neonates with hyaline membrane disease (HMD). Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Hospital based. Subjects: Seventy five premature neonates with HMD needing assisted ventilation born over a period of five years. Main Outcome Measures: Survival rate among those ventilated and complications of assisted ventilation. Results: Survival on assisted ventilation improved from initial 22.2% in 1989 to 77.8% in 1993. Of 19 babies weighing between 750-1000 g, 8(42.1%) survived. Twelve of 27 babies (44.4%) with a gestation of less than 28 weeks survived. Survival rates in babies with gestation of more than 33 weeks was 94%. Intraventricular hemorrhage was the leading cause of death in 52% babies. Nosocomial infections were common and occurred in 50.6% of infants on ventilation and accounted for one-third of deaths. Pneumothorax occurred in one-fifth of babies and was responsible for 3 deaths. Pulmonary interstitial emphysems was observed in 6 babies. Six babies developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia while 7 had retinopathy of prematurity. Conclusions: Outcome of neonates needing assisted ventilation for HMD has shown consistent improvement over the period of study. Nosocomial infections continue to be a major complication of assisted ventilation in neonates.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Pediatrics.
ID Code:104058
Deposited On:08 Dec 2017 09:42
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