A four year study on neonatal morbidity in a New Delhi hospital

Singh, M. ; Deorari, A. K. ; Khajuria, R. C. ; Paul, V. K. (1991) A four year study on neonatal morbidity in a New Delhi hospital Indian Journal of Medical Research, 94 . pp. 186-192. ISSN 0971-5916

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Official URL: http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/1937600


The neonatal morbidity was studied in 7015 neonates born at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital, New Delhi. The incidence of low birth weight babies was 26.7 per cent; one seventh (13.5%) of the series were preterm (less than 37 wk), while 6.6 per cent were 'small-for-dates'. Birth asphyxia of varying severity developed in 5.9 per cent infants. Respiratory distress syndrome was diagnosed in 5.7 per 100 live-births; most being due to hyaline membrane disease (33.5%), which affected 14.1 per cent of preterm babies. Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia occurred in 5.9 per cent, most of whom were premature. In nearly one-fifth, the cause of jaundice could not be identified after detailed investigations. Minor bacterial infections (conjunctivitis, pyoderma, oral thrush, umbilical sepsis) were observed in 1.8 per cent while major infections (septicemia, meningitis, diarrhoea) in 3.0 per cent. The overall incidence of major malformations was 2.3 per cent. Reasons for low incidence of bacterial infections and common occurrence of hyaline membrane disease in premature infants, are highlighted.

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