Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points

Motrunich, Olexei ; Damle, Kedar ; Huse, David A. (2001) Dynamics and transport in random quantum systems governed by strong-randomness fixed points Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 63 (13). Article ID 134424. ISSN 2469-9950

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Official URL: http://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysR...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.63.134424


We present results on the low-frequency dynamical and transport properties of random quantum systems whose low temperature (T), low-energy behavior is controlled by strong-disorder fixed points. We obtain the momentum- and frequency-dependent dynamic structure factor in the random singlet (RS) phases of both spin-1/2 and spin-1 random antiferromagnetic chains, as well as in the random dimer and Ising antiferromagnetic phases of spin-1/2 random antiferromagnetic chains. We show that the RS phases are unusual “spin metals” with divergent low-frequency spin conductivity at T=0, and we also follow the conductivity through “metal-insulator” transitions tuned by the strength of dimerization or Ising anisotropy in the spin-1/2 case, and by the strength of disorder in the spin-1 case. We work out the average spin and energy autocorrelations in the one-dimensional random transverse-field Ising model in the vicinity of its quantum critical point. All of the above calculations are valid in the frequency-dominated regime ω≳T, and rely on previously available renormalization group schemes that describe these systems in terms of the properties of certain strong-disorder fixed-point theories. In addition, we obtain some information about the behavior of the dynamic structure factor and dynamical conductivity in the opposite “hydrodynamic” regime ω<T for the special case of spin-1/2 chains close to the planar limit (the quantum x−y model) by analyzing the corresponding quantities in an equivalent model of spinless fermions with weak repulsive interactions and particle-hole symmetric disorder.

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