Investigations related to scientific deep drilling to study reservoir-triggered earthquakes at Koyna, India

Gupta, Harsh ; Purnachandra Rao, N. ; Roy, Sukanta ; Arora, Kusumita ; Tiwari, V. M. ; Patro, Prasanta K. ; Satyanarayana, H. V. S. ; Shashidhar, D. ; Mallika, K. ; Akkiraju, Vyasulu V. ; Goswami, Deepjyoti ; Vyas, Digant ; Ravi, G. ; Srinivas, K. N. S. S. S. ; Srihari, M. ; Mishra, S. ; Dubey, C. P. ; Raju, D. Ch. V. ; Borah, Ujjal ; Chinna Reddy, K. ; Babu, Narendra ; Rohilla, Sunil ; Dhar, Upasana ; Sen, Mrinal ; Bhaskar Rao, Y. J. ; Bansal, B. K. ; Nayak, Shailesh (2015) Investigations related to scientific deep drilling to study reservoir-triggered earthquakes at Koyna, India International Journal of Earth Sciences, 104 (6). pp. 1511-1522. ISSN 1437-3254

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Artificial water reservoir-triggered earthquakes have continued at Koyna in the Deccan Traps province, India, since the impoundment of the Shivaji Sagar reservoir in 1962. Existing models, to comprehend the genesis of triggered earthquakes, suffer from lack of observations in the near field. To investigate further, scientific deep drilling and setting up a fault zone observatory at depth of 5–7 km is planned in the Koyna area. Prior to undertaking deep drilling, an exploratory phase of investigations has been launched to constrain subsurface geology, structure and heat flow regime in the area that provide critical inputs for the design of the deep borehole observatory. Two core boreholes drilled to depths of 1,522 and 1,196 m have penetrated the Deccan Traps and sampled the granitic basement in the region for the first time. Studies on cores provide new and direct information regarding the thickness of the Deccan Traps, the absence of infra-Trappean sediments and the nature of the underlying basement rocks. Temperatures estimated at a depth of 6 km in the area, made on the basis of heat flow and thermal properties data sets do not exceed 150°C. Low-elevation airborne gravity gradient and magnetic data sets covering 5,012 line km, together with high-quality magnetotelluric data at 100 stations, provide both regional information about the thickness of the Deccan Traps and the occurrence of localized density heterogeneities and anomalous conductive zones in the vicinity of the hypocentral zone. Acquisition of airborne LiDAR data to obtain a high-resolution topographic model of the region has been completed over an area of 1,064 km2 centred on the Koyna seismic zone. Seismometers have been deployed in the granitic basement inside two boreholes and are planned in another set of six boreholes to obtain accurate hypocentral locations and constrain the disposition of fault zones.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
Keywords:Koyna; Triggered Seismicity; Scientific Drilling; Earthquake; Reservoir
ID Code:103608
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 11:27
Last Modified:01 Feb 2018 11:27

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