Unusual liquid state of hard-core bosons on the pyrochlore lattice

Banerjee, Argha ; Isakov, Sergei V. ; Damle, Kedar ; Kim, Yong Baek (2008) Unusual liquid state of hard-core bosons on the pyrochlore lattice Physical Review Letters, 100 (4). Article ID 047208. ISSN 0031-9007

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Official URL: http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysR...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.047208


We study the physics of hard-core bosons with unfrustrated hopping (t) and nearest-neighbor repulsion (V) on the three dimensional pyrochlore lattice. At half-filling, we demonstrate that the small V/t superfluid state eventually becomes unstable at large enough V/t to an unusual insulating state which displays no broken lattice translation symmetry. Equal time and static density correlators in this insulator are well described by a mapping to electric field correlators in the Coulomb phase of a U(1) lattice gauge theory, allowing us to identify this insulator with a U(1) fractionalized Mott-insulating state. The possibility of observing this phase in suitably designed atom-trap experiments with ultracold atoms is also discussed, as are specific experimental signatures.

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