Identification of the potential regions of Epap-1 that interacts with V3 loop of HIV-1 gp120

Bhaskar, C. ; Reddy, Palakolanu S. ; Sarath Chandra, K. ; Sabde, Sudeep ; Mitra, Debashis ; Kondapi, Anand K. (2013) Identification of the potential regions of Epap-1 that interacts with V3 loop of HIV-1 gp120 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics, 1834 (4). pp. 780-790. ISSN 1570-9639

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Early pregnancy associated protein-1 (Epap-1), a 90 kDa glycoprotein present in first trimester placental tissue, inhibits HIV-1 entry through interaction with HIV-1 gp120 at V3 and C5 regions. In the present study, we have identified the specific 32 mer region of Epap-1 that can interact with V3 loop. This was achieved by docking between Epap-1 molecular model and gp120 and studying the interaction of peptides with gp120 in vitro. Out of four peptides analyzed, two peptides (P-2 and P-3) showed significant interaction with V3 domain (N = 8; N = 7) of gp120. In the studies conducted using soluble gp120 and virus, peptide P-2 has shown conserved interaction at V3 loop regions recognized by 257D and F425 antibodies and higher anti-viral activity. Also, P-2 inhibited cell fusion mediated dye transfer between gp120 expressing HL2/3 and CD4 expressing Sup T1 cells suggesting its inhibition of viral entry, which is further confirmed by its action on HIV infection mediated by Tat activated beta gal expression in TZM-bl cells. Further optimization of P-2 peptide showed that the anti-viral activity and gp120 interaction residues lie in the N-terminal region of the peptide. These results together suggest that P-2 inhibits viral entry through specific interaction at V3 loop region.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Epap-1; HIV-1; Pregnancy; Peptide; gp120-Binding
ID Code:103325
Deposited On:05 Feb 2017 16:43
Last Modified:05 Feb 2017 16:43

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