Delineation of immunodominant and cytadherence segment(s) of Mycoplasma pneumoniae P1 gene

Chourasia, Bishwanath K. ; Chaudhry, Rama ; Malhotra, Pawan (2014) Delineation of immunodominant and cytadherence segment(s) of Mycoplasma pneumoniae P1 gene BMC Microbiology, 14 . Article ID 108. ISSN 1471-2180

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Background: Adhesion of Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) to host epithelial cells requires several adhesin proteins like P1, P30 and P116. Among these proteins, P1 protein has been inedited as one of the major adhesin and immunogenic protein present on the attachment organelle of M. pneumoniae. In the present study, we scanned the entire sequence of M. pneumoniae P1 protein to identify the immunodominant and cytadherence region(s). M. pneumoniae P1 gene was synthesized in four segments replacing all the UGA codons to UGG codons. Each of the four purified P1 protein fragment was analyzed for its immunogenicity with anti-M. pneumoniae M129 antibodies (Pab M129) and sera of M. pneumoniae infected patients by western blotting and ELISA. Antibodies were produced against all the P1 protein fragments and these antibodies were used for M. pneumoniae adhesion, M. pneumoniae adhesion inhibition and M. pneumoniae surface exposure assays using HEp-2 cells lines. Results: Our results show that the immunodominant regions are distributed throughout the entire length of P1 protein, while only the N- and C- terminal region(s) of P1 protein are surface exposed and block cytadhesion to HEp-2 cells, while antibodies to two middle fragments failed to block cytadhesion. Conclusions: These results have important implications in designing strategies to block the attachment of M. pneumoniae to epithelial cells, thus preventing the development of atypical pneumonia.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to BioMed Central.
ID Code:103122
Deposited On:01 Feb 2018 17:26
Last Modified:01 Feb 2018 17:26

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