Formation and transmetalation mechanisms of homo- and heterometallic (Fe/Zn) trinuclear triple-stranded side-by-side helicates

Akhuli, Bidyut ; Cera, Luca ; Jana, Barun ; Saha, Subrata ; Schalley, Christoph A. ; Ghosh, Pradyut (2015) Formation and transmetalation mechanisms of homo- and heterometallic (Fe/Zn) trinuclear triple-stranded side-by-side helicates Inorganic Chemistry, 54 (9). pp. 4231-4242. ISSN 0020-1669

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A novel linear hybrid tris-bidentate neutral ligand having 2,2′-bipyridine and two terminal triazolylpyridine coordination sites (L) was efficiently synthesized and explored in the synthesis of trinuclear triple-stranded homometallic side-by-side helicates L3Fe3(OTf)6 (1) and L3Zn3(OTf)6 (2), in which the three metal centers display alternating Λ and Δ configurations. Selective formation of the analogous heterometallic side-by-side helicate L3Fe2Zn(OTf)6 (3) was achieved from a mixture of L, Fe(CH3CN)2(OTf)2, and Zn(OTf)2 (1:1:1) in acetonitrile at room temperature. Various analytical techniques, i.e., single-crystal X-ray diffraction and NMR and UV/vis spectroscopy, were used to elucidate the sequence of the metal atoms within the heterometallic helicate, with the Zn2+ at the central position. The formation of 3 was also achieved starting from either L3Zn3(OTf)6 or L3Fe3(OTf)6 by adding Fe(CH3CN)2(OTf)2 or Zn(OTf)2, respectively. ESI-MS and 1H NMR studies elucidated different transmetalation mechanisms for the two cases: While a Zn2+-to-Fe2+ transmetalation occurs by the stepwise exchange of single ions on the helicate L3Zn3(OTf)6 at room temperature, this mechanism is almost inoperative for the Fe2+-to-Zn2+ transmetalation in L3Fe3(OTf)6, which is kinetically trapped at room temperature. In contrast, dissociation of L3Fe3(OTf)6 at higher temperature is required, followed by reassembly to give L3Fe2Zn(OTf)6. The reassembly follows an interesting mechanistic pathway when an excess of Zn(OTf)2 is present in solution: First, L3Zn3(OTf)6 forms as the high-temperature thermodynamic product, which is then slowly converted into the thermodynamic heterometallic L3Fe2Zn(OTf)6 product at room temperature. The temperature-dependent equilibrium shift is traced back to significant entropy differences resulting from an enhancement of the thermal motion of the ligands at high temperature, which destabilize the octahedral iron terminal complex and select zinc in a more stable tetrahedral geometry.

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ID Code:102946
Deposited On:23 Jan 2017 09:58
Last Modified:23 Jan 2017 09:58

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