Morphological evolution in air-stable metallic iron nanostructures and their magnetic study

Arora, Neha ; Amsarajan, Subbiah ; Jagirdar, Balaji R. (2015) Morphological evolution in air-stable metallic iron nanostructures and their magnetic study Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119 (1). pp. 665-674. ISSN 1932-7447

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Iron nanostructures with morphology ranging from discrete nanoparticles to nearly monodisperse hierarchical nanostructures have been successfully synthesized using solvated metal atom dispersion (SMAD) method. Such a morphological evolution was realized by tuning the molar ratio of ligand to metal. Surface energy minimization in confluence with strong magnetic interactions and ligand-based stabilization results in the formation of nanospheres of iron. The as-prepared amorphous iron nanostructures exhibit remarkably high coercivity in comparison to the discrete nanoparticles and bulk counterpart. Annealing the as-prepared amorphous Fe nanostructures under anaerobic conditions affords air-stable carbon-encapsulated Fe(0) and Fe3C nanostructures with retention of the morphology. The resulting nanostructures were thoroughly analyzed by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Raman spectroscopy. TGA brought out that Fe3C nanostructures are more robust toward oxidation than those of α-Fe. Finally, detailed magnetic studies were carried out by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer and it was found that the magnetic properties remain conserved even upon exposure of the annealed samples to ambient conditions for months.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:102247
Deposited On:12 Feb 2018 12:18
Last Modified:12 Feb 2018 12:18

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