Recycling factors for ribosome disassembly in the apicoplast and mitochondrion of Plasmodium falciparum

Gupta, Ankit ; Mir, Snober S. ; Jackson, Katherine E. ; Lim, Erin E. ; Shah, Priyanka ; Sinha, Ashima ; Siddiqi, Mohammad Imran ; Ralph, Stuart A. ; Habib, Saman (2013) Recycling factors for ribosome disassembly in the apicoplast and mitochondrion of Plasmodium falciparum Molecular Microbiology, 88 (5). pp. 891-905. ISSN 0950-382X

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The reduced genomes of the apicoplast and mitochondrion of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum are actively translated and antibiotic-mediated translation inhibition is detrimental to parasite survival. In order to understand recycling of organellar ribosomes, a critical step in protein translation, we identified ribosome recycling factors (RRF) encoded by the parasite nuclear genome. Targeting of PfRRF1 and PfRRF2 to the apicoplast and mitochondrion respectively was established by localization of leader sequence–GFP fusions. Unlike any RRF characterized thus far, PfRRF2 formed dimers with disulphide interaction(s) and additionally localized in the cytoplasm, thus suggesting adjunct functions for the factor. PfRRF1 carries a large 108-amino-acid insertion in the functionally critical hinge region between the head and tail domains of the protein, yet complemented Escherichia coli RRF in the LJ14frrts mutant and disassembled surrogate E. coli 70S ribosomes in the presence of apicoplast-targeted EF-G. Recombinant PfRRF2 bound E. coli ribosomes and could split monosomes in the presence of the relevant mitochondrial EF-G but failed to complement the LJ14frrts mutant. Although proteins comprising subunits of P. falciparum organellar ribosomes are predicted to differ from bacterial and mitoribosomal counterparts, our results indicate that the essential interactions required for recycling are conserved in parasite organelles.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ID Code:102069
Deposited On:09 Mar 2018 10:40
Last Modified:09 Mar 2018 10:40

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