Deletion of the APOBEC3B gene strongly impacts susceptibility to falciparum malaria

Jha, Pankaj ; Sinha, Swapnil ; Kanchan, Kanika ; Qidwai, Tabish ; Narang, Ankita ; Singh, Prashant Kumar ; Pati, Sudhanshu S. ; Mohanty, Sanjib ; Mishra, Saroj K. ; Sharma, Surya K. ; Awasthi, Shally ; Venkatesh, Vimala ; Jain, Sanjeev ; Basu, Analabha ; Xu, Shuhua ; Mukerji, Mitali ; Habib, Saman (2012) Deletion of the APOBEC3B gene strongly impacts susceptibility to falciparum malaria Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 12 (1). pp. 142-148. ISSN 1567-1348

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APOBEC3B, a gene involved in innate response, exhibits insertion–deletion polymorphism across world populations. We observed the insertion allele to be nearly fixed in malaria endemic regions of sub-Saharan Africa as well as populations with high malaria incidence in the past. This prompted us to investigate the possible association of the polymorphism with falciparum malaria. We studied the distribution of APOBEC3B, in 25 diverse Indian populations comprising of 500 samples and 176 severe or non-severe Plasmodium falciparum patients and 174 ethnically-matched uninfected individuals from a P. falciparum endemic and a non-endemic region of India. The deletion frequencies ranged from 0% to 43% in the Indian populations. The frequency of the insertion allele strikingly correlated with the endemicity map of P. falciparum malaria in India. A strong association of the deletion allele with susceptibility to falciparum malaria in the endemic region (non-severe vs. control, Odds ratio = 4.96, P value = 9.5E-06; severe vs. control, OR = 4.36, P value = 5.76E-05) was observed. Although the frequency of deletion allele was higher in the non-endemic region, there was a significant association of the homozygous deletion genotype with malaria (OR = 3.17, 95% CI = 1.10–10.32, P value = 0.0177). Our study also presents a case for malaria as a positive selection force for the APOBEC3B insertion and suggests a major role for this gene in innate immunity against malaria.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords:APOBEC3B; Plasmodium falciparum; Malaria Endemicity; Innate Response; Structural Variation
ID Code:102057
Deposited On:09 Mar 2018 10:39
Last Modified:09 Mar 2018 10:39

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