Potential role of B7-1 and CD28 molecules in immunosuppression in leprosy

Agrewala, J. N. ; Kumar, B. ; Vohra, H. (1998) Potential role of B7-1 and CD28 molecules in immunosuppression in leprosy Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 111 (1). pp. 56-63. ISSN 0009-9104

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2249.1998.00463.x


In order to understand the mechanism of unresponsiveness towards Mycobacterium leprae antigens in leprosy, we evaluated the role of M. lepraesonicate antigens in regulating the expression of the costimulatory molecules B7-1, CD28, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), LFA-1α, LFA-1β and Mac-1 on the lymphocytes of both leprosy patients and healthy subjects. It was observed that the expression of B7-1 and CD28 was significantly decreased but the levels of ICAM-1 and LFA-1α were increased in patients with untreated Borderline Leprosy (BL)/Lepromatous Leprosy (LL) disease. No remarkable change was noticed in the case of Borderline Tuberculoid (BT) leprosy or treated BL/LL patients. Further, a striking finding was that lymphocytes from healthy subjects cultured with a particularly high dose of M. leprae sonicate antigens down-regulated the expression of B7-1 and CD28 molecules, but up-regulated the display of ICAM-1 and LFA-1α. Furthermore, proliferation induced by M. leprae sonicate was inhibited only by anti-B7-1 antibody. Mycobacterium lepraeantigen-induced suppression of the proliferation of lymphocytes of healthy volunteers and LL patients was reversed by culturing the lymphocytes with Purified Protein Derivative (PPD). It may be concluded from the findings in this study that down regulation of B7-1 and CD28 in BL/LL leprosy patients may be responsible for a defective T cell signalling by the B7-1/CD28 pathway caused by M. leprae antigens. This may lead to clonal inactivation of M. leprae-reactive T cells, consequently the bacilli grow without restriction in macrophages.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Wiley.
ID Code:101958
Deposited On:11 Jan 2017 11:41
Last Modified:11 Jan 2017 11:41

Repository Staff Only: item control page