Melatonin reversal of lipopolysacharides-induced thermal and behavioral hyperalgesia in mice

Raghavendra, Vasudeva ; Agrewala, Javed N. ; Kulkarni, Shrinivas K. (2000) Melatonin reversal of lipopolysacharides-induced thermal and behavioral hyperalgesia in mice European Journal of Pharmacology, 395 (1). pp. 15-21. ISSN 0014-2999

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL:

Related URL:


The perception of pain sensation (threshold), whether local or central, is altered by inflammatory processes. Anti-inflammatory drugs block this by raising the pain threshold and by reducing the inflammatory process. Melatonin is claimed to have anti-inflammatory activity in animal models of acute and chronic inflammation. However, it is not known whether melatonin can reverse the hyperalgesia that is secondary to the inflammation. The present study aimed to assess the modulatory effect of melatonin on lipopolysacharides-induced alteration of pain perception in mice. Central perception of pain was assessed with the tail-flick and hot-plate methods and local hyperalgesia was assessed by noting the animal's reactions such as paw licking and rearing after the intraplantar injection of lipopolysacharides (5 μg/paw). Local administration (intraplantar) of lipopolysacharides induced hyperalgesia when measured by both central effects and behavioral reactions. Melatonin (5 and 10 mg/kg), like dexamethasone (0.5 mg/kg), given 30 min prior to and 4 and 8 h after lipopolysacharides (5 μg/paw) challenge attenuated central and behavioural hyperalgesia. The attenuation of lipopolysacharides-induced hyperalgesia by melatonin was not reversed by naltrexone (4 mg/kg). In vitro studies showed that melatonin, in concentrations ranging from 100 to 1000 nM, suppressed tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) without affecting the Nitric Oxide (NO) release in lipopolysacharides-activated murine peritoneal macrophages. Taken together, the present results demonstrated that melatonin reverses lipopolysacharides-induced hyperalgesia.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Lipopolysacharide; Melatonin; Dexamethasone; Naltrexone; TNF-α (Tumor Neocrisis Factor-α); Nitric Oxide (NO); Hyperalgesia; Central/Periphera
ID Code:101953
Deposited On:17 Jan 2017 11:59
Last Modified:17 Jan 2017 11:59

Repository Staff Only: item control page