Tetracycline treatment targeting Wolbachia affects expression of an array of proteins in Brugia malayi parasite

Dangi, Anil ; Vedi, Satish ; Nag, Jeetendra Kumar ; Paithankar, Sameer ; Singh, Mahendra Pratap ; Kar, Santosh Kumar ; Dube, Anuradha ; Misra-Bhattacharya, Shailja (2009) Tetracycline treatment targeting Wolbachia affects expression of an array of proteins in Brugia malayi parasite Proteomics, 9 (17). pp. 4192-4208. ISSN 1615-9853

Full text not available from this repository.

Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pmic.20...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pmic.200800324


Wolbachia is an intracellular endosymbiont of Brugia malayi parasite whose presence is essential for the survival of the parasite. Treatment of B. malayi-infected jirds with tetracycline eliminates Wolbachia, which affects parasite survival and fitness. In the present study we have tried to identify parasite proteins that are affected when Wolbachia is targeted by tetracycline. For this Wolbachia depleted parasites (B. malayi) were obtained by tetracycline treatment of infected Mongolian jirds (Meriones unguiculatus) and their protein profile after 2-DE separation was compared with that of untreated parasites harboring Wolbachia. Approximately 100 protein spots could be visualized followed by CBB staining of 2-D gel and included for comparative analysis. Of these, 54 showed differential expressions, while two new protein spots emerged (of 90.3 and 64.4 kDa). These proteins were subjected to further analysis by MALDI-TOF for their identification using Brugia coding sequence database composed of both genomic and EST sequences. Our study unravels two crucial findings: (i) the parasite or Wolbachia proteins, which disappeared/down-regulated appear be essential for parasite survival and may be used as drug targets and (ii) tetracycline treatment interferes with the regulatory machinery vital for parasites cellular integrity and defense and thus could possibly be a molecular mechanism for the killing of filarial parasite. This is the first proteomic study substantiating the wolbachial genome integrity with its nematode host and providing functional genomic data of human lymphatic filarial parasite B. malayi.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
ID Code:101834
Deposited On:11 Mar 2017 14:52
Last Modified:11 Mar 2017 14:52

Repository Staff Only: item control page