Efficacy of human β-casein fragment (54–59) and its synthetic analogue compound 89/215 against Leishmania donovani in hamsters

Sharma, Preeti ; Singh, Nasib ; Garg, Ravendra ; Haq, Wahajul ; Dube, Anuradha (2004) Efficacy of human β-casein fragment (54–59) and its synthetic analogue compound 89/215 against Leishmania donovani in hamsters Peptides, 25 (11). pp. 1873-1881. ISSN 0196-9781

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.peptides.2004.06.011


The characteristic feature of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is the profound impairment of immune system of the infected host, which contributes significantly to the partial success of antileishmanial chemotherapy. Since in VL, cure is the combinatorial effect of drug and immune status of the host, the rationale approach towards antileishmanial chemotherapy would be to potentiate the immune functioning of the host to extract desired results. Towards this direction several rationally designed analogues of human β-casein fragment (54–59) were evaluated for their ability to stimulate the non-specific resistance in hamsters against Leishmania donovani infection. By virtue of being derived from the food protein casein derivatives may be devoid of unwanted side effects associated with the substances of microbial origin, e.g. muramyl dipeptide (MDP). Out of this one peptide Val-Glu-Gly-Ile-Pro-Tyr (compound 89/215) had been reported to have such activity. In this communication, the prophylactic and therapeutic efficacy of the peptide along with its natural sequence has been evaluated in detail against experimental VL in hamsters. Their use as an adjunct to chemotherapy was also explored. Human β-casein fragment, compound 89/215 and MDP were tested in vivo at various dose levels wherein compound 89/215 showed superiority over MDP at 3 mg/kg × 2 given intraperitoneally (i.p.). Compound 89/215 sensitized peritoneal macrophages acquired considerable resistance and only 24% of the cells were found infected in comparison to control peritoneal macrophages where 76.4% of the cells were found infected. Similarly, the efficacy of sodium antimony gluconate (SAG) in hamsters pretreated with compound 89/215 enhanced significantly (P < 0.001). This peptide also exhibited considerably good therapeutic efficacy when evaluated either alone or in combination with SAG in established infection of L. donovani.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords:Human β-Casein; Combination Therapy; Sodium Antimony Gluconate; Macrophage Migration Index; Non-Specific Resistance
ID Code:101816
Deposited On:11 Mar 2017 15:05
Last Modified:11 Mar 2017 15:05

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