Augmentation of peristaltic microflows through electro-osmotic mechanisms

Chakraborty, Suman (2006) Augmentation of peristaltic microflows through electro-osmotic mechanisms Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 39 (24). Article ID 5356. ISSN 0022-3727

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The present work aims to theoretically establish that the employment of an axial electric field can substantially augment the rate of microfluidic transport occurring in peristaltic microtubes. For theoretical analysis, shape evolution of the tube is taken to be arbitrary, except for the fact that the characteristic wavelength is assumed to be significantly greater than the average radius of cross section. First, expressions for the velocity profile within the tube are derived and are subsequently utilized to obtain variations in the net flow rate across the same, as a function of the pertinent system parameters. Subsequently, the modes of interaction between the electro-osmotic and peristaltic mechanisms are established through the variations in the time-averaged flow rates for zero pressure rise and the pressure rise for zero time-averaged flow rates, as expressed in terms of the occlusion number, characteristic electro-osmotic velocity and the peristaltic wave speed. From the simulation predictions, it is suggested that a judicious combination of peristalsis and an axial electrokinetic body force can drastically enhance the time-averaged flow rate, provided that the occlusion number is relatively small.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Institute of Physics Publishing.
ID Code:101127
Deposited On:02 Jan 2017 10:32
Last Modified:02 Jan 2017 10:39

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