Regulatory role of proteasome in determination of platelet life span

Nayak, Manasa K. ; Kulkarni, Paresh P. ; Dash, Debabrata (2013) Regulatory role of proteasome in determination of platelet life span The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 288 (10). pp. 6826-6834. ISSN 0021-9258

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Limit of platelet life span (8-10 days) is determined by the activity of a putative "internal clock" composed of Bcl-2 family proteins, while role of other molecular players in this process remains obscure. Here, we sought to establish a central role of proteasome in platelet life span regulation. Administration of mice with inhibitors of proteasome peptidase activity induced significant thrombocytopenia. This was associated with enhanced clearance of biotin-labeled platelets from circulation and reduction in average platelet half life from 66 to 37 h. Cells pretreated in vitro with proteasome inhibitors exhibited augmented annexin V binding and drop in mitochondrial transmembrane potential indicative of apoptotic cell death and decreased platelet life span. These cells were preferentially phagocytosed by monocyte-derived macrophages, thus linking proteasome activity with platelet survival. Decisive role of proteasome in this process was underscored from enhanced expression of conformationally active Bax in platelets with attenuated proteasome activity, which was consistent with pro-apoptotic phenotype of these cells. The present study establishes a critical role of proteasome in delimiting platelet life span ostensibly through constitutive elimination of the conformationally active Bax. These findings bear potential implications in clinical settings where proteasome peptidase activities are therapeutically targeted.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Keywords:Bax; Phagocytosis; Phosphatidylserine; Platelets; Thrombosis; Proteasome; Phagocytic Uptake; Platelet Life Span
ID Code:101005
Deposited On:04 Feb 2017 17:25
Last Modified:04 Feb 2017 17:25

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