Comparative proteomics reveals a role for seed storage protein AmA1 in cellular growth, development, and nutrient accumulation

Agrawal, Lalit ; Narula, Kanika ; Basu, Swaraj ; Shekhar, Shubhendu ; Ghosh, Sudip ; Datta, Asis ; Chakraborty, Niranjan ; Chakraborty, Subhra (2013) Comparative proteomics reveals a role for seed storage protein AmA1 in cellular growth, development, and nutrient accumulation Journal of Proteome Research, 12 (11). pp. 4904-4930. ISSN 1535-3893

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Seed storage proteins are known to be utilized as carbon and nitrogen source for growing seedlings and thus are considered as potential candidates for nutritional improvement. However, their precise function remains unknown. We have earlier shown that ectopic expression of a seed storage protein, AmA1, leads to increase in protein besides high tuber yield in potato. To elucidate the AmA1-regulated molecular mechanism affecting increased protein synthesis, reserve accumulation, and enhanced growth, a comparative proteomics approach has been applied to tuber life-cycle between wild-type and AmA1 potato. The differential display of proteomes revealed 150 AmA1-responsive protein spots (ARPs) that change their intensities more than 2.5-fold. The LC–ESI-MS/MS analyses led to the identification of 80 ARPs presumably associated with cell differentiation, regulating diverse functions, viz., protein biogenesis and storage, bioenergy and metabolism, and cell signaling. Metabolome study indicated up-regulation of amino acids paralleling the proteomics analysis. To validate this, we focused our attention on anatomical study that showed differences in cell size in the cortex, premedullary zone and pith of the tuber, coinciding with AmA1 expression and localization. Further, we interrogated the proteome data using one-way analysis of variance, cluster, and partial correlation analysis that identified two significant protein modules and six small correlation groups centered around isoforms of cysteine protease inhibitor, actin, heat shock cognate protein 83 and 14-3-3, pointing toward AmA1-regulated overlapping processes of protein enhancement and cell growth perhaps through a common mechanism of function. A model network was constructed using the protein data sets, which aim to show how target proteins might work in coordinated fashion and attribute to increased protein synthesis and storage reserve accumulation in AmA1 tubers on one hand and organ development on the other.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
Keywords:2-DE; AmA1; Comparative Proteomics; Mass Spectrometry; Metabolomics; Nutrient Accumulation; Potato; Protein Network; Seed Storage Protein
ID Code:100295
Deposited On:30 Nov 2016 11:48
Last Modified:30 Nov 2016 11:48

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