Uniform electric-field-induced lateral migration of a sedimenting drop

Bandopadhyay, Aditya ; Mandal, Shubhadeep ; Kishore, N. K. ; Chakraborty, Suman (2016) Uniform electric-field-induced lateral migration of a sedimenting drop Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 792 . pp. 553-589. ISSN 0022-1120

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Official URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.84


We investigate the motion of a sedimenting drop in the presence of an electric field in an arbitrary direction, otherwise uniform, in the limit of small interface deformation and low-surface-charge convection. We analytically solve the electric potential in and around the leaky dielectric drop, and solve for the Stokesian velocity and pressure fields. We obtain the correction in drop velocity due to shape deformation and surface-charge convection considering small capillary number and small electric Reynolds number which signifies the importance of charge convection at the drop surface. We show that tilt angle, which quantifies the angle of inclination of the applied electric field with respect to the direction of gravity, has a significant effect on the magnitude and direction of the drop velocity. When the electric field is tilted with respect to the direction of gravity, we obtain a non-intuitive lateral motion of the drop in addition to the buoyancy-driven sedimentation. Both the charge convection and shape deformation yield this lateral migration of the drop. Our analysis indicates that depending on the magnitude of the tilt angle, conductivity and permittivity ratios, the direction of the sedimenting drop can be controlled effectively. Our experimental investigation further confirms the presence of lateral migration of the drop in the presence of a tilted electric field, which is in support of the essential findings from the analytical formalism.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Cambridge University Press.
ID Code:100258
Deposited On:08 Nov 2016 06:06
Last Modified:08 Nov 2016 06:06

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