Diatom community dynamics in a tropical, monsoon-influenced environment: west coast of India

D’Costa, Priya M. ; Anil, Arga Chandrashekar (2010) Diatom community dynamics in a tropical, monsoon-influenced environment: west coast of India Continental Shelf Research, 30 (12). pp. 1324-1337. ISSN 0278-4343

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Related URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.04.015


Diatom communities are influenced by environmental perturbations, such as the monsoon system that impact the niche opportunities of species. To discern the influence of the monsoon system on diatom community structure, we sampled during two consecutive post-monsoons (2001 and 2002) and the intervening pre-monsoon at Mumbai and Jawaharlal Nehru ports along the central west coast of India. Characteristic temporal shifts in diatom community structure were observed across the sampling periods; these were mainly driven by temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen saturation. The nutrient-poor pre-monsoon period supported low abundance yet high species richness and diversity of diatoms. Coscinodiscus, Cyclotella, Thalassiosira, Triceratium, Pleurosigma, Skeletonema and Surirella were the most dominant genera. Both the post-monsoon periods, following dissimilar monsoon events, were dominated by Skeletonema costatum, but differed in some of the residual species. Thalassiosira and Thalassionema spp. dominated mostly during post-monsoon I whereas Triceratium and Pleurosigma spp. dominated during post-monsoon II. To understand the underlying ecological mechanisms involved in such dynamics, we focus on the dominant diatom species in post-monsoon periods, S. costatum, that contributes up to 60% to total diatom cell numbers. This research is relevant in light of the fluctuating monsoon regimes over the Asian continent, the confounding effects of anthropogenic eutrophication and the resulting cascading effects on trophic web dynamics.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords:Diatoms; Monsoon; Species Diversity; Skeletonema costatum; Ecological Mechanisms
ID Code:100109
Deposited On:27 Nov 2016 13:09
Last Modified:27 Nov 2016 13:09

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