Site-selective binding and dual mode recognition of serum albumin by a squaraine dye

Jisha, Vadakkancheril S. ; Arun, Kalliat T. ; Hariharan, Mahesh ; Ramaiah, Danaboyina (2006) Site-selective binding and dual mode recognition of serum albumin by a squaraine dye Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128 (18). pp. 6024-6025. ISSN 0002-7863

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With the objective of developing small molecule based probes for proteins, interactions of polyhydroxyl-substituted squaraine dye (SQ) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) have been investigated by absorption, steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), cyclic voltammetry (CV), 1H NMR, scanning electron, and tapping mode atomic force microscopic techniques. Increase in addition of BSA resulted in increase in absorbance and fluorescence quantum yields (80-fold) of SQ, along with significant bathochromic shifts in the absorption and fluorescence maxima. Half-reciprocal analysis of the absorption data gave a 1:1 stoichiometry for the complex between BSA and SQ with high association (Kass) constant of (1.4 ± 0.1) × 106 M-1 and change in free energy of -35 kJ/mol. The complex formation was further confirmed by observation of induced CD signal corresponding to the SQ chromophore at 610 nm, upfield shift (about Δδ 0.1 ppm) of aromatic protons of SQ in 1H NMR spectra, and decrease in current intensity (CV) of SQ when bound to BSA. The picosecond time-resolved fluorescence studies indicated that the BSA-SQ complex exhibits biexponential decay with significantly enhanced lifetimes of 0.5 and 1.5 ns when compared to the lifetime of SQ (τ = 121 ps) in the absence of BSA. Employing displacement cum fluorimetry using site-specific binding ligands, such as dansylproline and dansylamide, indicated that SQ binds with protein selectively at site II involving hydrophobic, hydrogen bonding, and electrostatic interactions. The uniqueness of this molecular system is that it interacts with BSA selectively at site II and signals the binding event through dual mode recognition of "visual color" change and "turn on" fluorescence mechanism.

Item Type:Article
Source:Copyright of this article belongs to American Chemical Society.
ID Code:91024
Deposited On:15 May 2012 13:15
Last Modified:15 May 2012 13:15

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